Baisakhi is a significant festival for Sikh community as this day mark the formation of the ‘Khalsa Panth’. After 9th Sikh guru, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, was executed for not converting his religion to Islam (under the order of the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb), On April 13, 1699, the tenth Sikh Guru (Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji) founded a community which aimed at protecting and betterment of the people. He also established the ‘Khalsa Panth’, giving this community an unique identity.
It was on this day that Guru Gobind Singh ended the genealogy of the Gurus. After this, the people who follow Sikhism made Guru Grant Sahib their guide. Also, it was on this day that Sikhs accepted their surnames as ‘Singh’ for male and ‘Kaur’ for female.
Also, Guru Gobind Singh ji sprinkled holy water on the first five disciples and eliminated the difference of low and high. People wake up early in the morning and visit temples/gurudwaras on this special day to express their gratitude towards God. This day also marks the beginning of a new year for punjabis. People celebrate Baisakhi by performing an energetic dance, Bhangra and Gidda and putting up Baisakhi fairs.
The festival of Baisakhi is also celebrated by farmers in various parts of India to thank the spiritual power for the plenteous harvest of the winter crops (rabi crops) and to seek blessings for the upcoming agricultural season. The auspicious festival of Baisakhi is celebrated all over India under different names and rituals. It is celebrated as ‘Rongali Bihu’ in Assam, ‘Naba Barsha’ in Bengal, ‘Pooram Vishu’ in Kerala, ‘Puthandu’ in Tamil Nadu and ‘Vaishakha’ in Bihar.
Significance of Baisakhi – Astrologically!
Baisakhi is reckoned according to the solar calendar, therefore it falls on April 13 every year and on April 14 once in every 36 years. There’s Vishakha constellation in the sky on this day. Because Vishakha Nakshatra is formed on a full moon day, this month is known as a month of Vaishakh. The first day of this month has been called Baisakhi.
On this day, the Sun enters into ‘Mesha rashi’ (Aries horoscope) and Hindus celebrate this day as ‘Mesha Sankranti’. Due to change in the position of the sun, the temperature starts rising after this day and symbolises the beginning of summers.