She is the allegory of prosperity and He is the lord of both art and science. May Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha shower their grace on one and all
Diwali or Deepawali is a Hindu festival with a luminous recognition across the globe. This festival has a special mention in foreign countries for the way of celebration. It is one of the biggest festivals in India. On this day the entire country is light up millions of Diyas (earthen lamps).
The festival of Diwali is celebrated in the month of Kartika. It falls on the thirteenth fortnight on the Hindu calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar, the celebration falls in the month of October or November.
The celebration of Diwali is dedicated to the homecoming of Lord Ram after an exile of 14 months with his brother Laxman and wife, Goddess Sita. The celebration includes lighting earthen lamp with Ghee, decorating homes with Rangoli & flowers and worshipping Lord Ram, Goddess Sita, Goddess Laxmi, and Lord Ganesha.
The festival is held on the darkest night of the month and people light up lamps to illuminate the light of the moon to welcome LordRam and Goddess Sita. People believe removing darkness by lighting Diyas all around. Diwali is the festival of eliminating evil vibes by worshipping Gods. It is the festival that enlightens people.
Diwali is the festival of Lights. The celebration takes place to commemorate the triumph of Lord Ram over the demon king Ravana and coming back home.
The name Deepawali comes from the language Sanskrit and it means “row of lights”. On the evening of Deepawali, people light up dozens of Diyas, candles, flowers, and colors. It lightens the homes, temples, and streets on a dark night.
In major portions of India, Diwali is a five day festival among which third is considered the most important because it is the day people celebrate Deepwali by worshipping Gods.
Diwali brings the joy of other festivals as well. Celebration of Dhanteras, Deepdan, Govardhan Puja, and Bhai Dooj enters the air with preparations of Deepawali. It is a five-day long festivity falling all together to spread joy.
Diwali holds a huge religious, cultural, traditional, social, and economic importance. This festival amalgamates people together despite their differences. The celebration of Diwali brings feelings above religion and region differences and discriminations. On this day, faith in righteousness and goodness adjoin people. In India, people from all the sections celebrate Diwali in their own way. This festival has many names similar to Diwali.
C has a significant relation with nature as well. From the day of Diwali, the environment is set free of the distorting insects. Folktales mentions, with the light of Diya insects, travel to the end and their destiny.
As per the Hindu Mythology, Diwali is alluding to asDeepapratipadutsava. The tales state, in the seventh century for the commemoration of the marriage of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Laxmi newly married couples receive lamps as a gift.
It refers to Dipamalika in the ninth century work of the poet Rajashekhar. This tale mentions traditions of cleaning homes and decorating with lamps. It also tells about the Persian traveler Al- Biruni’s 11th-century chronicle on India.
On the very same day, people celebrate the homecoming of Lord Ram and Goddess Sita from an exile (Vanvasa) of 14 years. To celebrate the return of their beloved king Ram the public of Ayodhya lights the lamp in the city. To remember the day of Lord Ram’s return, people from all over the world celebrate the festival of Diwali.
Alongside this, the story of Yama and Nachiketa on Kartika Amavasya is also associated with the festival. This tale is a narration of true wealth and knowledge. The tale of Yama and Nachiketa set the example of righteousness. This tale makes Diwali festival of light, wisdom, and opulence.
The festival of Diwali takes place for five days. On the third day, people celebrate Diwali with lighting lamp and decorating their homes with colorful flowers. This day includes worship of supreme deity Goddess Laxmi and Lord Ganesha.
There are a few specific connotations close to the celebration of Diwali in India which are as follows-
This day has the denotation of worshipping to theGods for wealth and prosperity. The first day of celebration is known as Dhanteras.
It is an amalgamation of two words “Dhan” meaning wealth and “Teras” meaning the thirteenth day of a lunar fortnight in accordance with the Hindu calendar. The celebration of this day is dedicated to the celebration of affluence. According to the Hindu mythological tales, on this day Goddess Laxmi comes out of the churns of the ocean. People welcome her in their lives by offering her Puja and offerings. Purchasing gold and ornaments is auspicious and important part of this festival.
In the southern portion of the country, on this day people dedicate their devotion to Dhanvantari. He is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Vishu. People worship him for bringing Ayurveda in existence. This year the festival of Dhanteras falls on 25th October.
This day is popular as Chhoti Diwali or Naraka Chaturdashi. In Hindu mythology, on this day, Goddess Kali andLord Krishna destroys the demonic being Narakasura. On the day of Chhoti Diwali, people burn effigies of demons to celebrate.
This year the festival of Chhoti Diwali falls on 26th October.
This is the main day of the festival and major rituals fall to take place on this day. The third day is the new moon day called Amavasya. This is the darkest day of the month. People worship goddess Laxmi on this day because it is the day people pray to the Goddess to enter in their life and shower her blessings.
In the North part of the country, people celebrate the festival of Diwali with great enthusiasm and zeal. This day has a special significance in cooking special dishes. In Hindu tradition, it is the day to celebrate through the fragrance of flowers, lights of lamp and smell of delectable food. For each house, it is the day to cook special dishes.
In West Bengal, Odisha, and Assam this festival falls a day earlier than the north. This year the festival of Diwali or Deepawali falls on 27th October.
This day of the festival has numerous meaning across the country on the basis of the difference between the custom of each region.
It has the recognition of Govardhan Puja. The fourth day has an association of Lord Krishna in the tales. In mythological tales, on this day Lord Krishna defeats Lord Indra, the God of rain and thunder.
People from Maharashtra, celebrate this day as the triumph of Lord Vishnu over Bali, the demon king. In Gujarat, people celebrate this day as the beginning of a new year. This year, the festival of Govardhan puja falls on 28th October.
The concluding day of five day festival of Diwali is known as Bhai Dooj. This day is dedicated to the bond of brothers and sisters. On this day, people worship Hindu Gods and distribute offerings.
Diwali has a special significance about eating stuff. People from all the communities may not burst crackers or light lamps. However, everyone serves delicious dishes on the occasion of Diwali.
Here are a few suggestion on what you may try this Deepawali-
Sweets- Motichur Laddo, Besan Laddoo, Gulab Jamun, Gujiya, Mal Pua, Rawa Halwa, Moong Dal Halwa, Chhena Malai, Bengali Rusgulla, and Kaju Katli.
Drinks- Cherry Ginger Ice Tea, Lassi Rabdi, Jaswant Sherbat, Shikanji, and Kanji.
Snacks- Samose, Pakodi, Aloo Chaat, Dahi Papdi, Dahi Vada, Veg Cutlet, and Hara Bhara Kebab.
Meals- Dum Aloo, Navratan Korma, Stuffed Musroom, Stuffed Paratha, Veg Pulao, and Dal Tadka.
Primarily, followers of Hindu, Jain, and Sikhs celebrate Diwali. Nonetheless, in the entire country, people observe a public holiday on the occasion of Diwali. This festival has religious respect from the people across the globe.
Public of the United Kingdom, United States, Australia, and Singapore from different communities also celebrate the festival of Diwali. Nevertheless, the celebration in Indian cities is the most popular.
On the night of Diwali, when the sky is dark, people light candles, clay lamp, lanterns and place everywhere in their home to attract goodness and seek blessings of Gods. In some areas, people float Diyas in the lakes because of their belief of offering light to Gods and ward off the evils.
Diwali has a prominent place among all the Hindu festivals. It indicates the victory of light over the darkness and victory of good over evil. It takes the cropping season along with the lighting celebration.
The auspicious time of Diwali Puja comes after sunset. On this day, several sections of people like businessmen and shopkeepers worship pen, ink, computer, tables, and other respective utilities.
This year the festival of Diwali falls on 27th October.
Diwali Next Five Years-
You may also like to read about the festival of Dussehra.